Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, the region Waxhaw, South Carolina. He died on June 8, 1845, Hermitage, near Nashville, Tennessee. He was an American statesman and military leader, the seventh president of the United States in the years 1829-1837, one of the founders of the Democratic Party (1828).
Andrew Jackson was born in a poor family of Irish immigrants who settled in the frontier. Formal education he received. During the American Revolution, killed his family, himself, Andrew was involved in military operations.
In 1788 he was appointed to the prosecuting attorney of western North Carolina. When this region was Tennessee, Jackson was elected to the constitutional convention of his (1796) represented Tennessee in the U.S. House of Representatives (1796-97) and U.S. Senate (1797-98). Then he was a member of the Supreme Court of the State (1798-1804), in 1802 he was elected commander of the Tennessee militia.
In 1812, with the start of the US-British war, the U.S. government offered the potential 50000th Tennessee militia. Andrew Jackson was ordered to leave the territory of the Mississippi to fight Indians cry – allies of the British. In the years 1813-1814 Jackson fought with shouts and in March 1814 broke them at Horseshoe Bend. Repulsed Pensacola, Florida by Spaniards, allies Britain, he marched to Louisiana, where the troops landed large British army. Decisive victory in 1815 in the battle of New Orleans famous by Jackson. In 1818, he crushed a revolt Seminole Indians. In 1821, Florida became part of the United States and Andrew Jackson became its governor. In 1823, he was re-elected to the U.S. Senate.
In 1824, Jackson took part in the elections, won a majority of votes in the Electoral College, but the House of Representatives chosen by President John Quincy Adams. The next presidential election Jackson supports powerful political group formed the Democratic Party (1828), which relied on the Farmers Union of the West, the planters of the South, the urban workers and the new bourgeoisie. Andrew Jackson’s victory over Adams in the presidential election in 1828, considered a turning point in U.S. history.
Jackson was the first president born and lived west of the Appalachians, the first president born in a poor family on the frontier settlers, the first president to directly seek the support of ordinary voters, not to the political oligarchy. Since taking office the President, he replaced the more than two thousand federal bureaucrats with political supporters, creating a precedent for the practice of “loot spoils system. For its time it was a progressive step that has advanced the American democracy. Andrew Jackson played for the democratization of the electoral system, the legalization of the labor organizations, but was opposed to the liberation of black slaves.
Jackson’s administration gave tacit approval to the illegal seizure of land the Cherokee Indians in Georgia, and then to the expulsion of the Indians who refused to voluntarily leaves their land, according to Trail of Tears. When South Carolina refused to enter at approved at the federal level, taxes, Jackson received from Congress the authority to use military force to suppress opposition and sent federal troops to South Carolina. The President was opposed to the monopoly privileges of the Bank of the United States, and the 1832 presidential campaign was in acute controversy over the activities of the bank. Many proponents of the view Jackson necessity of a central state bank, but the president vetoed legislation to extend the charter of the bank of the United States.
Worsening of the political struggle in the period of stay of Andrew Jackson’s presidency helped to consolidate the Democratic Party. The opposition parties are set up in response to the Whigs. Thus, the United States continued to develop its two-party system. Thanks to the efforts of Jackson in 1835 was fully repaid U.S. national debt.