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William McKinley

William McKinley was born on January 29, 1843, Niles, Ohio. He died on September 14, 1901, Buffalo, New York. He was an American politician, the 25th U.S. president (1897-1901, Republican Party), a policy of territorial expansion.

Member of the American Civil War, fought in the 23rd Ohio Volunteer Regiment, was adjutant of Colonel Rutherford Hayes, who later helped the political career of his colleague. After the war he studied law at the University of New York at Albany. William McKinley was repeatedly elected to the House of Representatives (1877-1891), which fought for the introduction of protectionist tariffs. In 1890 he initiated a law to raise tariffs on goods imported (the so-called tariff McKinley). This tariff serves the interests of industrialist’s northeastern states. As a result of its adoption import duties increased to 49.5% of value of goods. The unpopularity of this measure among voters has led to the defeat of the Republicans in the presidential elections of 1892.

William McKinley was twice elected governor of Ohio (1892-1896), with the support of the local Republican boss Mark Hanna. In 1896, becoming the presidential candidate of the Republican, he won by a wide margin in the Democrat William Jennings Bryan.

William-McKinley

In 1897 approved Dingley Tariff – the highest American protectionist tariff of the time. In 1898, the USS “Maine” exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, the then colony of Spain. Placing the responsibility for the disaster of the Spaniards, McKinley asked to grant independence to Cuba, to which Spain refused. In a brief Spanish-American War the U.S. easily defeated his opponent. McKinley supported the ratification of the Peace Treaty, in which Spain ceded the U.S. its possessions of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. Stating that the U.S. must take responsibility for the “welfare of other nations,” the president authorized the occupation of Cuba (until 1902) and the Philippines, the capture of the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico, joining Hawaii, Wake Island and Samoa in the Pacific (1898).

In 1899, he proclaimed the doctrine of the “open door” in China, supported the introduction of the gold standard (Gold Standard Act of 1899), which ended the unlimited coinage of silver. In 1901, William McKinley went on a trip for the Western U.S., during which calls for a greater control over the trusts and circulation of capital, an increase in foreign trade. September 6, 1901 at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo president was mortally wounded anarchist Leon Czolgosz, and died on September 14. His successor as president was Theodore Roosevelt. In honor of President William McKinley, the highest peak is named North America – Mount McKinley (6194 m) in the Alaska Range.