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John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams was born on July 11, 1767, Braintree, MA. He died on February 23, 1848, Washington DC. He was an American statesman, sixth president of the United States (1825-1829), eldest son of the second president of the United States John Adams and Abigail Adams.

As a child, accompanied his father in the diplomatic trips to Europe (1778-1780), and later he became the U.S. Ambassador to the Netherlands (1794), and Prussia (1797).

In 1801 he returned to Massachusetts, where he was elected to the U.S. Senate (1803-1808). Returning to the diplomatic service, became the first U.S. ambassador to Russia (1809-1811), and then served as Ambassador to Great Britain (1815-1817). Becoming Secretary of State (1817-1824), contributed to the acquisition of Florida from Spain, participated in the development of the Monroe Doctrine. In 1824 he took part in the elections with three other candidates, none of them has obtained an absolute majority, but a plurality went to Andrew Jackson.

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Under the constitution the president is elected by the House of Representatives, which gave preference to John Quincy Adams, has received critical support from Henry Clay, who in the first round was the third. Adams appointed Clay secretary of state, which caused the aggravation of relations with Jackson.

As president, John Quincy Adams defended the interests of the industrial bourgeoisie and financial interests of New England, acted proponent of protective tariffs and central banking. Results of his presidency were evaluated negatively, in the next election Adams was defeated by Jackson.

In 1830, John Quincy Adams was elected to the House of Representatives, where he worked until his death. He openly fought against slavery, in 1839, proposed an amendment to the Constitution prohibiting slavery in any state that recognizes the U.S. laws. Congressmen from the southern states prevented discussion of antislavery petitions, having “gag rule,” which, at the insistence of Adams was abolished in 1844. In 1841, Adams successfully defended the slaves in the mutiny on the ship “Amistad.”