John Tyler was born on March 29, 1790, Charles County-City, Virginia. He died on January 18, 1862, Richmond. He was American statesman, the tenth president of the United States (1841-1845, from the Whig party.) Supporter of the doctrine of “states rights”, defended the government broad powers to the states, as opposed to the federal authorities. Enemy abolition of slavery, in the growing contradictions of the North and the South advocated the preservation of the unity of the country.
The son of a planter, lawyer, John Tyler practiced law, and then was elected to the legislature of Virginia, (1811-1816, 1823-1825, 1839), was a U.S. Congressman (1817-1821), Governor of Virginia (1825-1827), U.S. Senator (1828-1836). In these positions, he has established himself as a strong advocate of “states’ rights”, showed independent, and refusing to recognize the authority of the party groups and individuals.
John Tyler originally belonged to the Democratic-Republican Party (1811-1816) Thomas Jefferson, and then became a supporter of the Democratic Party of Andrew Jackson, because of disagreements with who moved to the Whigs. In 1836, Tyler left the senator did not want to obey the instructions of the State to cancel a vote of confidence to President Andrew Jackson. Being a slave owner, Tyler opposed the liberation of slaves. He offered to abolish the slave trade in the District of Columbia, but only with agreement of the two neighboring states – Maryland and Virginia.
In 1840, the Whigs nominated John Tyler’s candidate for vice president in conjunction with the U.S. General William Henry Harrison, the hero of the wars with the British and Indians. The main emphasis is on the popularity of Harrison, and Tyler had to provide voice Whigs southerners. Whig candidates were able to win the presidential race, in which carefully avoided discussing the political and economic problems, emphasizing their commitment to the Whig party.
In March 1841 John Tyler became Vice-President, and in April 1841, after the sudden death of Harrison, who became president. For the first time in U.S. history, the presidency was occupied by the death of the predecessor. Soon Tyler Disagreement with most Whigs, who plays for the active role of the federal government in the economy. These differences do not play a significant role, while John Tyler was the vice president, whose role is honorable, but nominal.
However, the transition of full executive power in his hands, with the independent character immediately aggravated the situation. The new president has vetoed the Whigs prepared a draft law on the organization of the central bank (the Second Bank of the United States), which led to a government crisis: study almost entirely retired.
Since that time, John Tyler was acting as an independent. Despite the lack of party support, the president has successfully reorganized the navy, had the second of the Seminole War in Florida. He was a consistent supporter of the foreign policy of expansion, tried to buy a part of Mexico in California, helped to strengthen ties with Texas, which became part of the United States in 1845. Without the support of the party machine, John Tyler lost the presidency in elections in 1844, James Polk. After leaving the White House lived on his plantation in Virginia, remained a prominent politician of the American South. On the eve of the Civil War, opposed the secession of the southern states.
In 1861, convened and chaired the Washington peace conference to resolve the conflict. When the U.S. Senate rejected a proposed compromise, Tyler urged Virginia to secede from the United States, was elected a member of the House of the Confederacy.