James Garfield was born on November 19, 1831, near Orange, Ohio. He died on September 19, 1881, Elberon, New Jersey. He was an American politician, the twentieth U.S. President (1881).
The son of a farmer, went to college at Hiram (Ohio), a diploma degree from Williams College, then taught the ancient languages in the home college, and in 1857 became its rector. Since the beginning of the Civil War led 42nd Volunteer Regiment from Ohio, fought at Shiloh and Chickamauga.
In the rank of major general, resigned to run for the U.S. House of Representatives. In the 1863-1880 years. – Congressman, a radical Republican, the hard-line policies in the post-war reconstruction of the South. In 1876 James Garfield was a member of the Electoral Commission, which decided the outcome of the fight for the presidency between Rutherford Hayes and Samuel Tilden.
In the 1876-1880 years. Was the leader of the Republican minority in Congress? Contributed to the creation of the Office of Education, 1867) and the US Geological Survey, a board member of the Smithsonian Institution.
At the Republican convention to nominate a candidate for the presidency in May 1880 the main candidates Ulysses S. Grant and James Blaine failed to collect a majority of delegates. We had to find a compromise candidate. At the 36th ballot as a presidential candidate was approved along with James Garfield, Chester Arthur as a candidate for vice-president. With the slight advantage they managed to win the presidential election.
March 17, 1881 a ceremony of joining the office of President James Garfield. Among his achievements as president include improved relations with Latin American countries and the strengthening of the fight against crime in the country. Stay in the presidential office lasted only 150 days – July 2, at the train station in Washington, Garfield was mortally wounded by Charles J. Guiteau, aggrieved by the denial of the post in the Bush administration. Garfield’s successor became Vice President Chester Arthur.