Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon Johnson full name is Lyndon Baines Johnson and born August 27, 1908, Stonewall, Gillespie County, Texas. He died on January 22, 1973, San Antonio, Texas. He is an American politician, the 36th U.S. president (1963-1969) the Democratic Party. The son of a farmer, he graduated from Lyndon Teachers College (1930) and taught school in Houston. Since 1931, he was active in the Democratic Party. In 1936, becoming assistant congressman, Lyndon moved to work in Washington, where he participated in the implementation of programs of the National Authority for Youth (National Youth Administration), created under the New Deal. It drew the attention of House Speaker Sam Rayburn, who helped the young Texan to start a political career. Johnson won election to the U.S. House of Representatives (1939-1948), where he proved himself as a supporter of the New Deal, the acute controversy defended the policy of the ruling Democratic Party of the attacks of conservative Republicans.
His effort was noticed by President Franklin Roosevelt, who provided their supporters in Congress favor. In 1949, Lyndon Johnson won in a tense struggle seats in the U.S. Senate (1949-1961). In 1950 he was the leader of the Democrats in the Senate and has moved into the lead roles in the Democratic Party. In 1954, Johnson became the youngest majority leader in the Senate’s history. His name is associated decline of influence of Senator Joseph McCarthy.
Largely through the efforts of Senate Majority Leader in 1957 and 1960 were taken first laws to protect the civil rights of the black population of America. Throughout politics Johnson represented moderate circles of the Democratic Party, was closely associated with the financial and oil interests in Texas. In 1960, he agreed to run for Vice President in the same list with the popular John F. Kennedy, and in January 1961 took the chair of U.S. Vice President.
Union Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson was forced, vice president largely disagreed with government policy, but remains loyal. After becoming president of the United States after Kennedy’s assassination in November 1963, Lyndon Johnson kept the old cabinet and the government apparatus, the program continued its predecessor.
At the same time, he started to implement his own projects. In the first few months in the presidential post, Johnson has made a new law on civil rights, started a program to fight poverty. In the presidential election of 1964, he won a convincing victory. New vice president was elected Hubert Humphrey. In late 1964, the President announced a program to create a “Great Society” social prosperity and civil rights.
The program was set up health insurance (Medicare). In 1965, a law was passed the Voting Rights (Voting Rights Act). Significant reorganization of the unit survived the Bush administration. President’s attention to the internal affairs, however, was distracted by the escalation of the Vietnam War. U.S. troops in the country had to full-scale hostilities. President’s desire to pursue an aggressive foreign policy (the outbreak of war in Vietnam, the intervention in the Dominican Republic, the support for Israel in the Middle East crisis) caused opposition within the country.
Since the mid-1960s, the student anti-war demonstrations merged with the civil rights movement in a powerful stream of protest. Social and racial conflicts have shaken the country, the “Great Society” build failed. President’s popularity declined sharply and in 1968 he was forced to abandon his candidature for the new term. Lyndon Johnson lived in retirement at his ranch in Texas. In 1971 he published his book of memoirs The Vantage Point: Perspectives of the Presidency, 1963-1969.