William Henry Harrison
William Harrison full name was William Henry Harrison born on February 9, 1773, Charles County-City, Virginia. On April 4, 1841, he died in Washington, DC. He was American statesman and military leader, the ninth president of the United States (March-April 1841, from the Whig), a member of US-British war in 1812-1814.
His father belonged to the elite of American society, at one time was governor of Virginia. With 18 years of William Harrison served in the army from 1791 fought with the Indians in the North-Western Territory, under the Anthony Wayne took part in the Battle of Fallen- Timbers (20 August 1794).
From 1798 represented the Northwest Territories in the U.S. Congress, in 1800 became governor of the new territory of Indiana. In this role, contributed colonization, concluded treaties with Indian leaders on the Assignment of millions of acres of land to white settlers. In 1811, the lands north of the Ohio River Indian uprising led by the leader Tecumseh.
William Harrison led troops sent to suppress the rebellion. November 7, 1811, he defeated the rebellious Indians on the river Tippecanoe. This victory earned Harrison national fame and the nickname “Tippecanoe.” After the start of the US-British war in 1812-1814 Harrison with the rank of brigadier general led U.S. forces in the North-West and 5 October 1812 delivered a decisive defeat of the combined forces of the British and the Indian River Thames (OH), with the result that their alliance fell apart. After the war, settled in Ohio, was actively involved in political life, has become a prominent figure in the Whig Party.
He was elected a member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1816-1819), Ohio State Senator (1819-1821), U.S. senator (1825-1828), and in 1828-1829 was a messenger at Columbia.
In 1836, William Harrison was nominated for President of the United States Whig Party, which at that time was in a state of division, participated in the presidential elections two Whig candidate H. White and D. Webster, a Democrat, became President M. Van Buren. In 1840 a split among the Whigs had been overcome and Harrison was nominated as the only presidential candidate of the Whig Party. Candidate for vice-president was John Tyler.
In the elections of 1840 the Whigs won a landslide victory, mainly due to skillfully constructed campaign. Widely touted as a way of fighting, General Harrison, a member of numerous wars, human frontier. First actively used the media campaign: campaign songs, rhyming slogans “Tippecanoe and Tyler Too”, symbols (“log cabin,” “hard cider” as an expression of the spirit of the frontier). Frank Whig populism pushed aside the real political and economic issues, despite the fact that the U.S. is facing a recession after the crisis of 1837.
William Harrison’s presidency was the shortest in U.S. history: during the inauguration March 4, 1841, he delivered his speech, standing in the cold rain without a coat and hat, a cold and died a month later of pneumonia. The President had just formed Cabinet of Ministers, which has played a leading role Daniel Webster and a special session of Congress to implement emergency measures for the recovery of the economy. William Harrison was the first U.S. president, who died in while in office. His grandson, Benjamin Harrison was the 23rd President of the United States (1889-1893, a Republican).