Grover Cleveland was born on March 18, 1837, Caldwell, New Jersey. He died on June 24, 1908, Princeton, ibid. He was a great American statesman, 22nd and the 24th, U.S. President (1885-1889), (1893-1897) respectively.
Grover Cleveland was Lawyer by education, since 1859 practiced law in Buffalo. After moving to New York, joined the Democratic Party and engaged in political activity. He was elected mayor of New York (1881), a year – the governor of New York.
In this role, earned the reputation of a strict administrator, a corruption fighter. He was a supporter of the policy of protectionism in international affairs – pan-Americanism and isolationism. In 1884, despite the resistance of the bosses of Tammany Hall, was nominated as a candidate for president and won the presidential election.
During his first term supported civil service reform, conducted the austerity regime, was opposed to high taxes. In the election of 1888 gave the presidency to Benjamin Harrison, losing by a slim margin. In the election of 1892 took revenge Harrison won with an overwhelming advantage. During his second presidency, faced with financial problems, reduced gold reserves, devaluation of the national currency, followed by a period of economic depression. Trying to overcome the difficulties,
Grover Cleveland regained the gold standard (1893), held a protectionist tariff (1894). In labor disputes invariably sided with business owners, severely suppressed the Pullman strike of factory workers (1894). In 1896, the predominant influence in the Democratic Party was opponents of “gold standard” that blocked the nomination of Grover Cleveland for the next presidential term and nominated as a presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan. Being a retired Cleveland taught at Princeton University.