Barack H. Obama
Barack Obama full name is Barack Hussein Obama. Born August 4, 1961, Honolulu, Hawaii. American politician, a candidate for U.S. president (2008) and (2012)of the Democratic Party, U.S. Senator from Illinois (January 2005), the first African American nominated for president of the United States from one of the two major U.S. political parties.
Barack Obama was born in Hawaii, where his parents studied at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. His father – a Kenyan Barack Hussein Obama Sr. he studied economics. Mother a white American Ann Dunham – came to study in Hawaii from Kansas. Her parents were against the marriage with the daughter of a black man, but the young people were married in 1960. Shortly after the birth of Barack Jr. went to his father to continue his studies at Harvard, but the family did not take with him. Later, the marriage ended. After graduating, Obama Sr. went home to Kenya with his new wife and son of Ann Dunham virtually no contact. In 1982, he was died in a car accident.
Shortly after the divorce, the mother Obama Jr. was married to another foreign student Indonesian Lolo Soetoro and in 1967 went with him and his son to Jakarta. In 1995, she died of cancer. Barack Obama has half-sisters and brothers, both from the mother and the father’s line. In Indonesia, Barack lived up to ten years and then returned to Honolulu, raised his maternal grand parents and attended the private Punahou School. In school, Obama was fond of basketball; the team became the champion Punahou of Hawaii (1979). After high school, he studied for two years at Occidental College in Los Angeles, and then transferred to Columbia University (New York), where he specialized in the study of international relations. In 1983, Barack Obama has successfully completed his studies at the University with a Bachelor. During this time he has worked as an editor in the department of information of Business International (BI). Since 1985 he has lived in Chicago, studied social work in disadvantaged areas. In 1988, Obama entered Harvard Law School, and in 1990 became the first black editor of the Harvard law review. He also became the first black chairman of the Harvard Club of lawyers. In 1991, Obama graduated, and received his PhD and returned to Chicago, where he began the practice of law, primarily defended in court of victims of different types of discrimination. In 1992, Obama married Michelle Robinson, African-American (1964). In this marriage were born two daughters: Malia (1998) and Natasha (2001), that the family is called Sasha (Sasha).
In Chicago, Barack Obama was involved in political activities, actively cooperated with the local branch of the Democratic Party. He proved to be a supporter of liberal views, the enemy a NAFTA – North American Free Trade Area, fought against racial discrimination, advocate of universal health insurance. Since 1993, he taught a course in constitutional law at the Law Faculty of the University of Chicago. Obama worked at the University until 2004, when he was elected to the U.S. Senate. In 1995, he published his first book, “Dreams, inherited from his father,” which brought the young politicians know.
In 1996, Barack Obama was elected to the Senate in Illinois, where he represented the Democrats until 2004. In the state senate, he worked with both Democrats and the Republicans, worked to support programs for low-income families through tax cuts. Obama appeared as a supporter of the development of pre-school education, to support measures to tighten control over the work of the investigating authorities. In 2002, he condemned the George Walker Bush administration’s plans to invade Iraq.
In 2004, Barack Obama was elected to the U.S. Senate. His duties he began January 4, 2005 and was the fifth in the history of African-American U.S. senator. Obama became a member of several committees on Environment and Public Works, Veterans Affairs and International Relations, and worked on legislation on transparency in government operations. Along with Republican Senator Richard Lugar, Barack Obama visited Russia. This trip was devoted to cooperation in the field of non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Overall, Obama voted in the Senate in accordance with the liberal line of the Democratic Party. He paid special attention to the idea of alternative energy sources.
In Washington, Barack Obama has managed to win over the media and to become one of the most prominent political figures. In 2006 the audio version of his first book, “Dreams, inherited from his father,” won the “Grammy”. In the same year came to light a new book, “Audacity of Hope.” By the fall of 2006 observers have believed possible his nomination for the presidency. In early 2007, Obama was in second place after Sen. Hillary Clinton in the list of the most prominent Democratic politicians. February 10, 2007 at a rally in Springfield (Illinois), Obama announced his entry into the presidential race. If elected, he promised to withdraw American troops from Iraq by March 2008. Obama exposed the George Walker Bush administration criticized for insufficient progress in the fight against dependence on oil supplies and the development of the education system. In February 2007, Obama supported David Geffen, one of the founders of the production company Dream Works, in the past – one of the companions of Bill Clinton. Along with other Hollywood celebrities Geffen organized campaign to collect donations to Obama – the amount collected reached $ 1.3 billion.
During the primaries, Obama won in almost all states, where most of the population are African Americans, as well as in states with high levels of urbanization and education. Failures were waiting in the States, which is dominated by white men of small rural towns. Overall, he was supported by the South and the North-West of the USA. June 7, 2008 Hillary Clinton officially announced her retirement from the race and endorsed the candidacy of Obama. In late August 2008, Barack Obama was officially nominated as a candidate for the Democratic Party in the presidential election.
Barack Obama’s political views characterize him as a left-wing Democrat. He defended the farm programs, advocated for allowing abortion and protect women’s rights in this matter, and participated in the development of programs to prevent teenage pregnancy, advocated the elimination of discrimination against persons gay. But Barack Obama was against allowing same-sex marriage because they believe that the right to marriage is a civil right. As a consistent opponent of sending U.S. troops to Iraq, Barack Obama, in his speeches pays little attention to foreign policy, saying only that U.S. foreign policy should promote democracy and human rights.
In domestic policy, he pointed to the danger of growing dependence of Americans on government aid; spoke opposed to African Americans, Hispanics and other minorities in the United States would have advantages over the white. According to Obama’s excessive social benefits for some groups of people are in violation of the civil rights of the majority of Americans. Barack Obama was against the death penalty, and participated in drafting the law on alternative punishment and rehabilitation of convicts. Among the priorities he considers reform of education and health, reducing the tax burden on the middle class.