James Earl Carter
Jimmy Carter complete name is James Earl Carter born on October 1, 1924, Plains, Georgia. He is an American politician, the 39th U.S. President (1977-1981).
He graduated from the Naval Academy in Annapolis (1946), served in the Navy submarine engineer. In 1953, after his father was discharged, went into the family business of growing peanuts, became a senator of Georgia (1962-1966). In 1966, made an unsuccessful attempt to become governor of Georgia, then experienced spiritual crisis became a Baptist.
In 1970 he was elected governor of Georgia (1971-1975), opened access to government agencies and the State of African-American women, has introduced more stringent rules of budgetary funds. In 1972 began the fight for his nomination for the U.S. presidency of the Democratic Party, has made support in southern and north-eastern states, the voters of the Negro. Although Jimmy Carter was not widely known at the national level, had no experience at the federal level on the wave of voter discontent in the country’s scandals (Watergate), against the background of economic difficulties, managed to win the presidency in 1976 the Republican candidate President Gerald Ford.
The main theme of the campaign and the first months of the Jimmy Carter presidency, was speaking in defense of human rights. As president, Carter helped conclude the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel signed an agreement with Panama for the gradual transfer of its jurisdiction over the Panama Canal (1977), established formal diplomatic relations with China, the Soviet Union signed an agreement with the Strategic Arms Reduction (START-2).
In domestic policy, the Jimmy Carter administration failed to reach an understanding with the Congress, which led to the aggravation of the economic difficulties. The President decided not to long ago be brewing reform of the tax system are limited to cosmetic measures. During his reign, increased energy crisis led to unprecedented U.S. queues at petrol stations.
The last year of Jimmy Carter’s presidency was marred by the seizure of American hostages in Iran. These military attempt to rescue the hostages failed, the president took the political responsibility for this failure. In response to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979) Carter imposed an embargo on the supply of U.S. corn in the Soviet Union, under pressure from U.S. President boycotted the Olympic Games in Moscow (1980). Economic stagnation, high inflation and unemployment were the causes of defeat Carter in the presidential election in 1980, and he gave way to the White House to Ronald Reagan.
In retirement Jimmy Carter wrote a series of books was actively engaged in peacekeeping activities, assisted in the development of democratic institutions in many countries around the world, the first American president visited Cuba for Fidel Castro. In 2002 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.