Back in the 1833-1834 years. In opposition to Jackson formed a new party – the American Whigs. Leading position in the party took the manufacturers of the North; it is adjacent to and connected with the northern industrial plantation-slaveholders of the South and of farmers. She opposed the strengthening of the federal government (the Whigs were called Jackson’s “King Andrew”), require greater decentralization. Prominent role in the Whig party played Henry Clay (1777-1852) and Daniel Webster (1782-1852).
This Whigs party came at a time when workers’ parties were formed, and the efforts of abolitionists created a nationwide society to fight against slavery. The new party wisely kept secret their software principles. The southern wing of its prominent leaders was slave owners from Virginia and Tyler.
Whigs joined the supporters of a compromise between the bourgeoisie and the northern slave owners on the basis of preservation of slavery, and at the same time on a platform of support for banks, protective tariffs, and “internal improvements”, that is, construction of roads and canals by federal, national funds.
Whig Party gave four presidents from the environment.
In 1840, the National Convention of the Whig party nominated Gen. Harrison of Ohio for president and Southern Whig, slaveholder John Tyler for vice-president. Harrison became famous as the winner of the Indians, but his political program Whigs silent.
Thus, the presidential candidate was asked not to speak on the question of slavery. The secret, which is carefully guarded from the mass electorate, lay in the fact that Harrison was a proponent of preservation of slavery. But this issue during the campaign was successfully bypassed and “amateur log cabin and hard cider” General Harrison received six times more votes than his opponent, Democrat Van Buren. But the secret of Harrison remained unrecognized his voters. He died a month after the official accession to the presidency.
Harrison was replaced by Vice President John Tyler of the same Whig Party, and in 1848 was elected as a Whig President Zachary Taylor He ran a year and four months and died, and his change of president from the same party Whig Millard Fillmore.
Since Tyler tried to politically represent the only slave owners, ignoring the interests of the North, the bourgeois and also guiding wing of the Whig Party, the distance between him and the party that nominated him there was a complete break. The system of nomination for election of mediocrity, “bet on the dark horse”, is a known convenience when it was more difficult to comment on the question of slavery, does not create enemies in the North or in the South.
However, the slave unit and the bourgeoisie could only be temporary, and it was like the time he existed in American history. By the time of the split of the Whig Party in 1852, it had 800,000 voters in the North and 400,000 in the southern states.
Unlike many of the Democrats who condemned slavery, but virtually nothing is being done to destroy it, Harrison with great energy demanded the abolition of slavery. He wrote that he would fight for the immediate release of the enslaved population. “I’ll be in the same unyielding and also not prone to compromise, just like the justice in this case. I do not want to think, speak or write about slavery in moderate terms. I made a big decision. I’m not up ambiguities. I stand for a single inch. I force myself to listen. ”
Harrison was initially only for the moral condemnation of slavery without interference in politics. However, he later spoke out against the constitution and against the government of the United States that have recognized and allowed slavery. Union North and the South Harrison called “alliance of the North with death and an agreement with hell.”
Another critical mass popular movement on the eve of the Civil War, William Z. Foster describes a broad movement for land reform, the Homestead for free on public lands.
In 1848, the winners of the election were the Whigs – President Zachary Taylor and Vice President Millard Fillmore.