Martin Van Buren
Martin Van Buren was born on December 5, 1782, Kinderhook, NY. He died on July 24, 1862. He was an American politician, the eighth President of the United States (1837-1841, of the Democratic Party), one of the founders of the Democratic Party.
The son of a farmer and tavern owner, Martin Van Buren from 1803 to practice law. He was elected to the Senate of the State of New York (1812-1820), was the chief prosecutor of New York (1816-1819). Ability to rally around him a group of supporters to achieve objects brought Van Buren glory “little magician” and “Sage of Kinderhook.” Informal association of his political supporters dominated the New York State even during the stay in Washington, Van Buren and has been called “the regency of (Albany Regency).
As a member of the U.S. Senate (1821-1828), he defended the rights of the states, was opposed to strengthening the federal government. After the election of President John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren, with Andrew Jackson formed a political group, which later became the Democratic Party. Thanks in part to Van Buren, New York became one of the mainstays of the Democratic Party.
In the U.S. Senate, Van Buren led the opposition and played a major role in the election of Jackson as President. In 1828, Van Buren himself was elected governor of New York, but resigned to take the place of Secretary of State (1829-1831) and close advisor of President Jackson. In 1832, Van Buren was nominated for vice-president (1833-1837) – Andrew Jackson saw him as his successor. In the presidential election of 1836 Van Buren defeated Whig candidate William Henry Harrison.
During his presidency occurred during the economic downturn, which deal with the “little magician” has failed. During a banking panic in 1837 President proposed the creation of an independent treasury system, which began operating in 1846. In 1839, the president had to deal with the border conflict between Maine and Canada.
When Martin Van Buren Americans were Seminole War in Florida. Heated debate was the issue of the annexation of Texas, who in 1836 broke away from Mexico. Van Buren was personally against slavery, but, trying to keep the support of southerners – the backbone of the Democratic Party, had to support the doctrine of “states’ rights” on the question of slavery. At the same time, he opposed the spread of slavery into new territories.
Poor economic situation has led to the defeat of Martin Van Buren in the presidential election in 1840, and he lost the White House, William Harrison. In 1844, Van Buren put forward his candidacy for president of the Democratic Party, but mindful of his anti-slavery beliefs, Democrats, Southerners do not support it. In 1848, Van Buren announced his candidacy for the presidency of the party, but lost the election and left politics. During the Civil War, supported the policies of Abraham Lincoln.